Coat of a dog is considered to be an important barometer of his wellness. Unlike human beings, their coats not only cover their head but their entire body also. Their coat and skin are the elements that separate a dog’s entire anatomy from rest of the world. A scratch, a threatening bite, a caress, the invasion of united parasites and a friendly nuzzle, all are experienced through a dog’s coat and skin. It is what that allows a dog to be touched and to touch. Everything goes well with him if everything is right with his coat. Many dog professionals and veterinarians attested different facts in order to check that a dog’s coat is useful barometer of his/her wellbeing. If the skin of dog is overly flaky or has unduly rough looks, then there must be something wrong with that dog. Quality of that dogs life is depleted if his/her skin and coat is left worsen by the owner. There are so many facts about dog’s coat and all the facts belong to coat types. So let’s discuss them.
Different Types of Dog Coats
Whether your dog is Giant Schnauzer, a Boston terrier, Afghan hound or a Brittany, he has the same canine muscle and bone structure. Canine species name is given to all kinds of dogs. One thing is considered to be different among all the canines that is the coat. All the canines have different patterns of the coat and we are going to discuss some important facts about dog’s coat.
Smooth coat is a kind of clean and odor free coat. This type of coat is close to dog’s body and his hair is stiff and short. Skin of such dogs is very sensitive and one cannot use any equipment, tool that is harsh. For smaller breeds having this kind of coat, extreme weather or cold is not appropriate for them. They are considered to be more prone to the bites of insects as compared to dogs with other kinds of coats. Examples include: Boston Terriers, Chihuahuas, Whippets, Doberman Pinschers, Bulldogs, Pointers and Boxers. All these types of dogs have the same kind of coat.
Short coated dogs have harsh and short coat which is close to their body. This type of coat is considered to be compatible with different weather conditions. An odor is formed in many dogs of this coat type because of their natural body oil. In cooler spring climates and weather, shedding can be considered for such dogs. Examples include: Rottweilers, Labrador Retrievers, Pugs and Beagles. These dogs have short coated body.
This type of coat has both long silky as well as short smooth coat. Front sides of the legs and face of the dog is covered by a very short coat. On the other hand, rear sides of legs, tail and undercarriage is covered by longer coats. Normally, breeds with such a coat have seasonal sheds. Long coat of dogs needs to be trimmed because this coat between their pads and feet is prone to accumulating and matting debris and dirt. Examples include: Border Collies, Golden Retrievers, Brittany and Tibetan Spaniels.
This type of coat is straight and of moderate length. Such a coat has a thick, dense and soft down undercoat and a harsh outer coat. Double coat protects these dogs against extreme weather conditions. During seasonal changes, shedding is considered to be profuse. Examples include: German shepherd, Shelties, Akitas, Norwegian Pomeranians and Siberian Husky. All these dogs have double coated skin.
Smooth, thick, long, short, silky all come under the heading of heavy coat. Such a long coat must be brushed on regular basis in order to prevent tangles and mats that sometimes lead to skin infection. The long coat between the pads and toes is somehow prone to accumulating debris and dirt. Shedding can also be profuse during change in seasons. Chow Chows, Newfoundland and Pekingese has heavy coat and all belong to this category.
This type of coat also has both silky, long coat and smooth, short coat. Front side of legs and face are covered by tight, short coat. On the other hand, rear sides of leg, undercarriage and tail are covered by long coat. Owners must brush the long silky coat regularly in order to avoid tangles and mats. Normally, breeds with such a silky coat have different seasonal sheds. Long coat between the pads and toes is prone accumulating debris and dirt.
Natural Long Haired Coat
This type of coats has very long natural hair all over the body of dog. Such coat is sometimes considered non-shedding. In order to prepare these kinds of breeds for the show ring, trimming is done with their coat. If such a coat is not brushed on regular basis, then it could lead to some serious infections or inflammation because of lack of air circulation. Breeds with natural haired coat may sometime have different serious ear and eye problem. Shih Tzus, Yorkshire Terriers, Tibetan Terriers, Maltese and Afghan Hounds wear this type of coats. They all have natural long haired coat type.
Curly and Wavy Coated
This type of coat is wavy, soft, curly and non-shedding. Such a coat needs regular bathing, trimming and brushing in order to get manageability and good health for dog. Bichon Frises, Old English Sheepdogs, Water Spaniels and Poodles all have curly and wavy skin coat.
Wire coat has dense and soft coat. Entire body of these dogs is covered with wiry guard hair. This coat must be bathed, brushed and hand stripped or plucked regularly for better health concerns. Examples include: Giant and Standard Schnauzers, Irish Wolfhounds, Terriers and Wire Haired Dachshunds. All these dogs have wire coated skin.
This type of coat has a wooly coat and a strong top coat. Normally, breeds are not able to develop this coat until their adulthood. Its length goes on increasing with age. A lot of care is required for the proper maintenance and nutrition of corded coat. Frequent bathing is not recommended at all because shampoo from hair does not rinse out completely. Pulis, Poodles and Komondors have corded coat.